Toward Broader Anarchist Geographies

Space/Place, Nation/State, and Anarchist Scholarship


  • Joshua Mullenite Department of Culture and Economy, Wagner College



Anarchism, State, Nation, Space, Place


This intervention tries to broaden the theoretical works considered under the framework of anarchist geographies. Currently, scholarship in anarchist geography draws from a limited body of writing for theoretical and practical insights, primarily (but not exclusively) from anarchists who were also geographers. However, people who have self-identified as anarchists, including those from cognate disciplines and those who are not part of academia, have dealt with several concepts of significant interest to geographers. I highlight some of these interventions as a means for suggesting a broader conceptualization of anarchist geography by considering the ways in which various anarchists have grappled with key concepts within geography, mainly focused on the nation and state. Specifically, I argue that further engagement with anarchist scholarship both from within academia and from outside academia’s walls offers a means for understanding the operations of power at play from, within, and beyond the state in human relations.


Anderson, Benedict. 2005. Under Three Flags: Anarchism and the Anti-Colonial Imagination. London, UK: Verso.

Anonymous. n.d. Short Circuit: Towards an Anarchist Approach to Gentrification. Zine.

Araujo, Erin, Federico Ferretti, Anthony Ince, Kelvin Mason, Joshua Mullenite, Jenny Pickerill, Toby Rollo, and Richard J. White. 2017. Beyond Electoralism: Reflections on Anarchy, Populism, and the Crisis of Electoral Politics. ACME: An International Journal of Critical Geographies 16 (4): 607–42.

Bey, Hakim. 1991. The Temporary Autonomous Zone: Ontological Anarchy, Poetic Terrorism. Brooklyn, NY: Autonomedia.

Campaign to Fight Toxic Prisons. 2016. Plantation Rising: A publication on resistance and liberation in Florida prisons and beyond. Zine.

Clastres, Pierre. 1989. Society Against the State. In Society Against the State, 189-218. New York: Zone Books.

Clough, Nathan and Renata Blumberg. 2012. Toward Anarchist and Autonomist Marxist Geographies. ACME: An International Journal of Critical Geographies 11(3): 335-351.

Cresswell, Tim. 2015. Place: An Introduction. West Sussex, UK: Wiley Blackwell.

Crow, Scott. 2011. Black Flags and Windmills: Hope, Anarchy, and the Common Ground Collective. Oakland, CA: PM Press.

Do or Die. 2003. Down with the Empire! Up with the Spring! Zine.

Drissel, David. 2011. “Anarchist Punks Resisting Gentrification: Countercultural Contestations of Space in the New Berlin.” The International Journal of the Humanities 8(10): 19-44.

Edwards, Joseph. 2014. Workers’ Self-Management in the Caribbean: The Writings of Joseph Edwards. Atlanta, GA: On Our Own Authority Publishing.

Fernandez, Frank. 2001. Cuban Anarchism: The History of a Movement. Tuscon, AZ: See Sharp Press.

Ferretti, Federico. 2018. Teaching Anarchist Geographies: Elisée Reclus in Brussels and ‘The Art of Not Being Governed.’ Annals of the American Association of Geographers 108 (1): 162–78.

Goyens, Tom. 2009. Social space and the practice of anarchist history. Rethinking History: The Journal of Theory and Practice 13(4): 439-457.

Hall, Matthew. 2011. Beyond the Human: Extending Ecological Anarchism. Environmental Politics 20 (3): 374–90.

Harvey, David. 2017. ‘Listen, Anarchist!’ A personal response to Simon Springer’s ‘Why a radical geography must be anarchist.’ Dialogues in Human Geography 7(3): 233-250.

Heynen, Nik and Jason Rhodes. 2012. Organizing for Survival: From the Civil Rights Movement to Black Anarchism through the Life of Lorenzo Kom’boa Ervin. ACME: An International Journal for Critical Geographies 11(3): 393-412.

Hodges, Donald C. 1995. Mexican Anarchism after the Revolution. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.

Ince, Anthony. 2019. Fragments of an Anti-Fascist Geography: Interrogating Racism, Nationalism, and State Power. Geography Compass, no. December 2018: e12420.

Kadale, Modibo. 2019. Pan-African Social Ecology: Speeches, Conversations, and Essays. Atlanta, GA: On Our Own Authority Publishing.

Kropotkin, Peter. 2019. The State: Its Historic Role. In Anarchism, Anarchist Communism, and the State: Three Essays, 85-146. Oakland: PM Press.

Martin, Keir. 2012. The ‘Potlatch of Destruction’: Gifting against the State. Critique of Anthropology 32 (2): 125–42.

Mbah, Sam and I.E. Igariwey. 1997. African Anarchism: The History of a Movement. Tuscon, AZ: See Sharp Press.

Morris, Brian. 2015. Anthropology, Ecology, and Anarchism: A Brian Morris Reader. Oakland, CA: PM Press.

Mott, Carrie and Daniel Cockayne. 2017. Citation matters: mobilizing the politics of citation toward a practice of ‘conscientious engagement.’ Gender, Place, and Culture 24(7): 954-973.

Newman, Saul. 2011. Postanarchism and space: Revolutionary fantasies and autonomous zones. Planning Theory 10(4): 344-365.

Nugent, Stephen. 2012. Anarchism out West: Some Reflections on Sources. Critique of Anthropology 32 (2): 206–16.

Purcell, Mark. 2013. A New Land: Deleuze and Guattary and Planning. Planning Theory & Practice 14 (1): 20–38.

Robinson, Andrew, and Simon Tormey. 2012. Beyond the State: Anthropology and ‘Actually-Existing-Anarchism.’ Critique of Anthropology 32 (2): 143–57.

Rocker, Rudolf. 1937. Nationalism and Culture. New York: Rocker Publication Committee.

Schaffer, Kirwin. 2019. Anarchist Cuba: Countercultural Politics in the Early Twentieth Century. Oakland, CA: PM Press.

Scott, James C. 1997. Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Scott, James C. 2009. The Art of Not Being Governed: An Anarchist History of Upland Southeast Asia. New Have: Yale University Press.

Scott, James C. 2017. Against the Grain: A Deep History of the First Agrarian States. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Sethness-Castro, Javier. 2012. Imperiled Life: Revolution against Climate Change. Oakland, CA: AK Press.

Springer, Simon. 2012. Anarchism! What Geography Still Ought to Be. Antipode 44(5): 1605-1624.

Springer, Simon. 2014. Why a radical geography must be anarchist. Dialogues in Human Geography 4(3): 249-270.

Ssorin-Chaikov, Nikolai. 2012. Writing Power: An Anarchist Anthropologist in the Looking Glass of Critical Theory. Critique of Anthropology 32 (2): 189–205.

Trotsky, Neon. 2011. Race and Border: The Two-Headed Ogre of White Supremacy. Zine

Uzcategui, Rafael. 2010. Venezuela: Revolution as Spectacle. Tuscon, AZ: See Sharp Press.




How to Cite

Mullenite, J. (2021). Toward Broader Anarchist Geographies: Space/Place, Nation/State, and Anarchist Scholarship. ACME: An International Journal for Critical Geographies, 20(2), 206–213.